Stephanie Nolen is a Canadian journalist based in South Africa. She argued with her editors to establish a bureau there so she could report on what she sees as one of the biggest and most under-reported stories in the world: HIV/AIDS in Africa.
Thirty years ago, the Center for Disease Control published a paper identifying a new disease they called Gay Related Immunodeficiency, or GRID. Three decades later, AIDS has claimed more than 30 million deaths worldwide. Dr. Mark Kaplan, a specialist in infectious disease, remembers treating patients when no one knew the source of their illness. Also, Rick Vila moved to San Francisco in 1981 on the day the Center for Disease Control released its initial report on the disease.
Today is the 20th anniversary of World AIDS Day. Among the many groups struggling to slow the spread of the virus are Latinos. In Los Angeles County, they make up almost half of newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS cases. Also in this episode: part of tightening security in the U.S. has been a new requirement that Americans show a passport when crossing into Mexico. David Hernandez lives near the border. He was born in Texas, served in the military, and he's voted. But when he applied for a passport, he was denied.